Types of EVs
Plug in electric vehicles (EVs) come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are a variety of super-efficient options powered by electricity, like electric-assist bicycles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and motorcycles. For the passenger cars and trucks used by most Vermonters there are two basic EV designs:
All Electric Vehicles (AEVs)
Powered solely by electric energy stored in the battery
The Chevrolet Bolt, Hyundai Kona, Nissan Leaf, Tesla Model 3, and BMW i3 are examples of all-electric vehicles in Vermont.
Is it for me?
Good option for two-car households, those with shorter commutes, and EV lovers with a pioneering spirit. Range on the coldest Vermont days will be much less than the official manufacturer ratings. For example, an AEV with 250 miles of official range might be closer to 125 miles in frigid conditions, so this should be factored into vehicle purchase considerations. Many all-electric models now offer over 200 miles of range, making it easier than ever to make the switch.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
Powered by a combination of battery power and gasoline engine
The Chevrolet Volt, Ford Fusion Energi, and Toyota Prius Prime are examples of PHEVs. Generally they do not travel as far as all-electric vehicles on battery power, but when the battery runs low, the gasoline engine turns on to extend their range.
Is it for me?
Convenient option for longer commutes, road trippers, and people who need more range flexibility.
They are plugging in all over the state
As of July 2020 there were 3,971 passenger EVs in the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles registration database. This is a 21% increase over the past year. Electric cars are also spreading across the state, and are now in 90% of Vermont communities.
About 54% of the EVs are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which can run on both electricity and gasoline, providing greater range confidence among drivers with the flexibility to run on gasoline when needed.
See the latest updates on EVs registered in the state of Vermont:
Current Electric Car Ownership Snapshot
Vermont has experienced substantial growth of electric vehicles registrations over the past year. As of July 2020:
- EVs are registered in 90% of Vermont communities.
- The number of EVs increased by 683 vehicles or 21% over the past year.
- Plug-in vehicles comprised 5.9% of new passenger car registrations over the past quarter.
- About 45% of plug-in vehicles registered in the last quarter were leased.
- Pre-owned EV registrations continue to grow as an estimated 10% of EVs registered in the last quarter were used.
- About 54% of the EVs are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which can run on both electricity and gasoline, providing flexibility to run on gasoline when needed.
- There are 55 unique models of plug-in cars registered in the state. Three new models entered Vermont this quarter – the Mercedes-Benz B Class Electric Drive, the Porsche Taycan, and the Tesla Model Y.
- Top selling models this quarter included the Nissan LEAF and Toyota Prius Prime each with 23 added registrations. They were followed by the Chevrolet Bolt (20), Ford Fusion Energi (13), Tesla Model 3 (12), Volkswagen eGolf (10), Hyundai Kona Electric (9), and Tesla Model Y (7).
- Chittenden County has the most EVs registered (1,499) and highest rate of EV ownership with about 1 EV for every 105 people.
- There are now 284 public charging stations for electric vehicles across the state.
- Vermont has 29 DC Fast Chargers available for EVs equipped with this technology to quickly recharge in about 30-60 minutes for longer trips.
Electric Vehicles Outperform Gas-Powered Cars
Electric Vehicles (EVs) often come with features typically seen in luxury vehicles such as navigation, Bluetooth, heated seats, heated steering wheels—even solar panels. In addition to finding everything inside your EV that you would in most other vehicles, EVs also provide tremendous traction due to the distributed weight of their batteries. Some EV owners report that they are better in the Vermont snow than any AWD vehicle they have owned.
The Key Difference
Internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles burn fuel to generate the heat that creates propulsion, whereas electric car motors generate torque from the start.
There is no delay when you press the accelerator on an electric car, unlike when you touch the pedal on a gasoline powered vehicle. The Formula E racing series demonstrates how vehicles powered by electricity are competing at the top levels of racing. And in this video two Lotus sports cars, one powered by electricity and the other by gasoline compete. (It isn't even close!)