Types of EVs
Plug in electric vehicles (EVs) come in a variety of shapes and sizes. There are a variety of super-efficiency low speed electric options, like electric-assist bicycles, neighborhood electric vehicles, and motorcycles. For the passenger cars and trucks used by most Vermonters there are two basic EV designs:
All Electric Vehicles (AEVs)
Powered solely by electric energy stored in the battery
The Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Tesla Model S, Ford Focus Electric, and BMW i3 are examples of all-electric vehicles in Vermont.
Is it for me?
Good option for two-car households, those with shorter commutes, and EV lovers with a pioneering spirit. Range on the coldest Vermont days will be much less than the official manufacturer ratings. For example, an AEV with 80 miles of official range might be closer to 40 miles frigid conditions, so this should be factored into vehicle purchase considerations.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
Powered by a combination of battery power and gasoline engine
The Chevrolet Volt, Ford Fusion Energi, and Toyota Prius Plug-in are examples of PHEVs. Generally they do not travel as far as all-electric vehicles on battery power, but when the battery runs low, the gasoline engine turns on to extend their range.
Is it for me?
Good option for longer commutes and road trips, and people who need more range flexibility.
Where Are the Vermonters with Electric Vehicles?
Hint: They are plugging in all over the state
As of April 2017 there were 1,595 passenger EVs in the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles registration database. This is an increase of 37% in the number of EVs over the past year. Electric cars are also spreading across the state, and are now in 76% of Vermont communities.
About 75% of the EVs are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which can run on both electricity and gasoline, providing greater range confidence among drivers with the flexibility to run on gasoline when needed.
See the latest breakdown of Electric Vehicles registered in the state of Vermont:
In Your Own Words
Check out some of the testimonials below and see what Vermont electric vehicle owners are saying.
Bruce Bentley, Rutland
Reason #1 to Drive Electric: Save Money on Gas
After one year, Bruce reports he has only used 40 gallons of gas. This is no small feat in a state like Vermont. How did Bruce do it? He is leasing a Chevy Volt which he uses on his daily commute and occasional longer trips to Montpelier and Burlington (about a 130 mile circuit). Bruce leases a Volt for a lower monthly cost than his old car. Gas savings over the course of the year have allowed him to meet personal goals to reduce money spent on transportation and lower his carbon footprint.
Bruce says, "I love my EV—it keeps me from doing something I hate, which is burning gas. I'd recommend it to anyone who doesn't want to waste their hard earned money on gas."
Want to Hear More from Vermonters?
Read more testimonials, hear tips, or ask questions in the Drive Electric Blog
Current Electric Car Ownership Snapshot
Vermont has experienced substantial growth of electric vehicles registrations over the past year. As of April 2017:
- EVs are registered in 76% of Vermont communities.
- Chittenden County has the most EVs registered at 566.
- Lamoille County has the highest rate of ownership with about 1 EV for every 240 people.
- The number of EVs increased by 459 vehicles or 40% over the past year.
- Plug-in vehicles comprised 2.6% of new passenger vehicle registrations over the past quarter.
- 35% of plug-in vehicles registered in the last quarter were leased, a popular and affordable way to obtain an electric car.
- Used EV registrations continue to grow as an estimated 23% of EVs registered in the last quarter were used.
- About 3/4 of the EVs are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) which can run on both electricity and gasoline, providing flexibility to run on gasoline when needed.
- There are 26 unique models of plug-in cars registered in the state. The all electric Chevrolet Bolt with 238 mile range was a new addition this quarter.
- The Toyota Prius Prime plug-in hybrid had 34 registrations added in the quarter, the most of any model.
- There are now 160 public charging stations for electric vehicles across the state.
- Vermont has 26 DC Fast Chargers available for EVs equipped with this technology to quickly recharge in about 30 minutes for longer trips.